Letter from President of Hijri Committee of India - 28 Shaban 1444 (20-03-2023)
BISMILAAHI R'RAHMAANI R'RAHEEM
Dear Brothers in Islaam
Assalaamu Alaikkum wa Rahmathullaahi wa Barakaathu hu
"Al urjoonal qadeem" (last visible phase for a month as described in verse 36:39) of Sha’ban 1444 was seen at many places today (Monday). It was about 7 degrees above the horizon. The thin appearance and its low position on the Eastern horizon confirm that it will not be seen tomorrow (Tuesday) and that Tuesday is the Day of Conjunction.
Ibn Katheer (Rah) while explaining verse 71:16 says that the complete veiling/shadowing of the moon marks the passing / end of a month. So it is correct as per Sharia to consider the Day of Conjunction as the last day of the month.
Hence, Wednesday is the first day of Ramadan fast for all Muslims in the world and the Hijri Committee of India has observed all the 28 visible phases of Sha’ban as practiced by the Prophet Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam). ALHUMDULILLAH ! The photos are attached here with for your reference.
Moreover, according to the Astronomical calculations, the moon sets after the setting of the Sun on Tuesday (21st March) at many places in the world, viz., Santiago (Chile), South San Fransico , California (USA), Honolulu (Hawai) etc.
Though considering the Moonset-Sunset difference in order to start a new lunar month is not astronomically always correct, we have given the above data only to prove that the hilaal gets established on Tuesday - the Day of Conjunction itself and hence starting the new month at Fajr on the following day (Wednesday) is correct as per Sharia.
Additionally, you may please note that at the majority of places in the world, the moon rises after the Sun on Wednesday (22nd March 2023);follows the sun and appears after sunset on Western sky. This is what Noble Qur'aan says in Surah As Shums
(wal qamari izza talaaha ...).
Please refer to the explanation given in Tafsir Ibn Katheer for Verses 91:1 & 2.
You will see that the Sahaba (RA) knew about this phenomenon of the moon rising after the Sun & its following the Sun occurring on the first day of the month. The Sahaba (RA) knew that by the time hilaal becomes visible in the West, the day-light part of the first day will be over. If one waits to see the setting moon in the West in order to start the new month, one will lose the fast of the first day (in case of Ramdhaan) and may commit the sin of fasting on Eid day (in case of Shawwal). Both are forbidden in Islam.
All the above facts confirm that Wednesday (22nd March) is the first day of Ramadan and it is the Day of fasting and NOT the day of feast,
Considering all the above-mentioned facts, we take the following swearing:
We, Members of Hijri Committee of India do hereby bear witness that there is No Deity worthy of worship except Almighty Allah and that Muhammed (Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) is His Messenger and Slave ("Ash Hadu An Laa Ilaa ha IllAllah Wa Ash Hadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasooluhu") and we, Members of Hijri Committee of India further bear witness that 1st of Ramadan 1444 starts at Fajr on Wednesday (22nd of March 2023) & request all Muslims to fast from fajr of Wednesday.
We once again request the Saudi Arabian authorities to switch back to the Original Ummul Qurrah followed by them till 1420 H, which has the correct criteria for a Universal Calendar - enabling the start of all the Hijri months on correct day of the week & 100% in accordance with Sharia.
May Almighty Allah forgive all our sins and may He, the Almighty accept our good deeds and reward all of us immensely in this world as well as in the Hereafter and provide all of us with a place in Jannathul Firdouse. Aameen
With Dua & Salaam
For HIJRI COMMITTEE OF INDIA
IRSHAD NOOR MOHAMED SAIT (President)
& V. ABDUL RAHIM (General Secretary)
HIJRI COMMITTEE OF INDIA
Choose Your Language :
அவனே காலைப் பொழுதை ஏற்படுத்துபவன். இரவை அமைதி தருவதாகவும், சூரியனையும் சந்திரனையும் காலம் காட்டியாகவும் அமைத்தான். இது மிகைத்தவனாகிய அறிந்தவனின் எற்பாடு.
He makes the dawn break; He makes the night for rest; and He made the sun and the moon to a precise measure. That is the design of the Almighty, the All Knowing.
[AL QUR’AN 6:96]
Dear Brothers & Sisters in Islam
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته.l
As you all are aware Almighty Allaah has made Ahillah ( waxing and waning phases of moon) to show dates for whole mankind (verse 2:189).
This calendar is formulated strictly as taught through Qur'aanic verses
( 2:189 / 10:05 / 36:39 / 9:36&37 / 55:05 / 6:96 / 17:12 / 91:1&2 ) & authentic hadees.
We need volunteers worldwide to spread the concept of one- single-Globally- applicable Hijri Calendar
In sha Allaah,
Iet us all join together to promote, propogate and implement this Calendar, in the world, which Almighty Allaah has described as
Mawaaqeethu linaas (2.189) in His Book - Noble Qur'aan - which itself is described as
Kindly fill the Google Form given below, so that we can interact with the volunteers; clear any doubts; answer questions raised by others; organise & work as a team :
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ISLAM HAS A PRE CALCULATED CALENDAR FOR MANKIND!
ISLAM HAS SOLUTIONS FOR EVERYTHING, EVEN HAS AN ERROR-FREE CALENDAR
In Islamic society, for many decades, the moon which decides the start of fasting as well as Eid has been creating confusion and in the recent past, many media including Internet are coming up with hot discussions on whether it is actual sighting, or calculation of the birth of hilaal which determines the start of the Hijri month. It has reached to such a level so as to harbor doubts in the minds of people about an Islamic solution in solving such a confusion, Some may even has concluded that Islam do not have any solution regarding the start of the lunar month and that three dates for a single week day is Islamic !!!.
But, a True Muslim is sure that Islam, which gives practical, correct and apt solutions to each and every day to day problems and predicaments faced by man, definitely has a
solution for this grave problem too which decides the start of fasting in Ramdhaan, which is one of the pillars of Islam.
Noble Quraan 17:9 ‘Anyone who desires the Hereafter and makes a proper effort to achieve it, being a true believer, shall find favour with Allah for his endeavours’.
This being the case, it is now certain that the fault is with Muslims and not on Islam Dheen. Those who have not researched the subject thoroughly and those who have come
to conclusions with their own half cooked derivatives are the culprits. In fact, many just ignored or discarded what Noble Quraan says on lunar month. (Naudubillah)
Noble Quran 25:30 The Messenger will say ‘Lord my people did indeed discard the Quraan’.
Many Muslims proudly proclaim that Islam alone goes with the sclentific realities and truth, But when it comes to lunar
months, about which Noble Quraan very clearly gives directions, just make a U turn and adamantly argue that the lunar months should be started only after seeing the hillaal on the West with naked eye after sun set! They do not realize that the hilaal seen on the West is the setting one. It is surprising to note that they reject Lunar calculations but have no objection in depending on the calculations of solar data. They follow the timing depending on Sun for daily 5 time prayers. Majority of Muslims show such one sided leniency on Sun data and reject Moon data. One must ponder on whether such a partiality is justifiable in the light of the following Quran verses :
Noble Quiaan 55:5 “The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated with measured out stages for each (for reckoning, etc)”.
Noble Quran 14:33 ‘And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, to be of service to you; and He has made the night and the day, to be of service to you’.
When Almighty Allah Himself states in the above verses that Sun and Moon move with precise calculations and that they have been subjected to us so as to calculate, majority of Muslims say that they will accept only solar calculations and not the lunar calculations. Even if the lunar movements are calculated precisely they have no regret in rejecting it. Those who reject Lunar calculations and accept only solar calculations must ponder over what
Noble Quran says in 2:85: ‘Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the day of resurrections they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do’.
If one analyse what Almighty Allah say in his book as well as what has been taught by his messenger (Sallallaahu alaihi wa Sallam) about the lunar months, we can easily find a solution to the confusion in starting the lunar months.
What is Hilaal ?
Majority of Muslims think that hilaal has to be seen only for two Eids and for the rest of the year Hilaal has no significance. This itself is the main reason for all the confusion in this regard. Let us see what Almighty Allah says with regard to hilaal :
Noble Quraan 2:189: “They ask you about the phases of the moon. Say, "They are a means of determining time (dates) for the regulation of peoples affairs and for the pilgrimage. "Piety does not consist in entering your houses from the rear. Indeed, one who guards himself against evil out of fear of Allah is the truly righteous one. Enter your houses by their doors and be mindful of Allah, so that you may prosper”.
Noble Quran 2:282 : “Believers, when you contract a debt for a stated term, put it down in writing; have a scribe write it down with fairness between you
Qataada (RA) explains the context at which the verse "People are asking about Ahilla and tell them that they are the dates for mankind (2:189)" was revealed. People asked the Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) about the purpose of Ahilla
(plural of hilaal) and Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) replied that the Ahilla are the dates for Muslims and Almighty
Allah has arranged them for completing their obligatory fasting in Ramdhaan, to celebrate Eid, to calculate Iddha of their women, to record their transactions etc. ( Jaamiyul bayaan fi tafseerul Quraan li Tibri 6972)
Note: Allah (SWT) asks to record the period of transactions. Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) too teaches that Ahilla are the dates. But, the present day Muslims just avoid the hilaal throughout the year except on three occasions. Is this the Sunnah??? The Asbabun Nuzul of the verse 2:189 which is as follows also clearly states that phases are the dates: Said alKalbi: "This was revealed about Mu'adh ibn Jabal and Thalabah ibn "Anmah, both of whom were of the Ansar. These two men said: "O Messenger of Allah! How is it that the moon first looks fine like a thread, then it grows until it becomes full and round, but then it starts to decrease and become fine again as it initially was. It never stays in one form?" And as a response, Allah revealed this verse
It is now clear that the phases (waxing & waning) are the dates for the people throughout the year and not just for 3 days of the year.
ARE THE PHASES RESTRICTED TO PARTICULAR REGIONS OR ARE THEY UNIVERSAL ?
Some say that the phases seen at certain region are meant for them alone and not for other regions. This is unwise and contrary to Noble Quran. Almighty Allah says that Ahillah as "Mawaaqeethu linaas" or as the dates for whole mankind, not for a particular region.
Wherever "li naas' is used in Noble Quran, it means "for the whole mankind' and nowhere in Noble Qur'an it is said that it means "for a particular region' or 'restricted to a particular section of the people'."
Noble Quran 2:21 : “O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become
Noble Quran 2:185 : "The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for manhind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)."
Noble Quran 3:9: “Our Lord! Verily, it is You Who will gather mankind together on the Day about which there is no doubt. Verily, Allah never breaks His Promise.
We should understand that Ahillah which shows dates for whole mankind should not be restricted to certain regions and that such restrictions are contrary to the essence of Quran. Just as the whole world completes the Jummuah prayer, within a period of 24 hours, on a week day called Friday, the whole world too can attain the Eid within a period of 24 hours.
IS IT NECESSARY TO WATCH THE HILAAL WITH NAKED EYE EVERY MONTH IN ORDER TO START THE NEW MONTH ???
Those who insist on seeing the hilaal on the West in order to start the new month turnup with unwarranted objection that Ramdhaan should be started only after seeing the hilaal with naked eye. But, Almighty Allah says that it is possible to know in advance the start of lunar months:
Noble Quran 10:5: “It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for people who have knowledge”.
Moreover, it was in 2 H, fasting in Ramdhaan was made mandatory. Till Prophet's (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) wafaath, he (SAW) started nine Ramdhaans. During these nine occasions, there is no authentic hadeeth which says that he (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) has ever went in search
of the hilaal at Magrib or asked the Sahaba (RA) to do so. None, who insist on seeing the hilaal with naked eye in order to start the new month, has so far produced any such hadeeths.
It is reported in Bukhari 2015 that a few Sahaba (RA) dreamt about Lailathul Qadr and when Prophet (Sallallaahu alaih wa
sallam) was informed, he (SAW) said that since their (RA) dream matched with the last 7 days of Ramdhaan, asked them to search Lailathul Qadr among the last 7 days.
Just think over: No one among the Sahaba (RA) asked Prophet (SAW) whether last 7 days means from "23 to 29" or from "24 to 30" ?? Whereas, the majority of Muslims are not even sure whether the last day is the present day or the following day !!!!
Is this the Sunnah???
More over in Bukhari, it is reported that no one should fast on the day before the first of Ramdhaan as well as the previous day (ie., the last two days of Sha'baan) except those who are regularly fasting on these days. This hadeeth clearly states that the Sahaba (RA) were aware, in advance, which were the
last 2 days of Sha'baan.
Can the Jamaaths who start the month of Ramdhaan only after seeing the hilaal with naked eye, intimate, in advance, which are the last 2 days of Sha'baan ??? If they cannot, then how can they claim that they are following Sunnah ??? Islam has solutions to all the problems which a Muslim faces till
the Day of Qiyaamath and it includes the calendar too.
The majority of Muslims are neither looking for the Hijri calendar nor studying about it, but simply following the erroneous Gregorian calendar which has months bearing the names of Greek god & goddesses and which has months with 28 as well as 31 days. Is it correct ??? Think over.
Noble Quran days: 2:120 “Never will the Jews or the Christians be pleased with you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him) till you follow their religion. Say: "Verily, the Guidance of Allah (ie. Islamic Monotheism) that is the (only) Guidance. And if you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him) were to follow their (Jews and Christians) desires after what you have received of Knowledge (ie the Quran), then you would have against Allah neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper”.
Noble Quran 48:28 “He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) with guidance and the religion of truth(Islam), that He may make it (Islam) superior over all religians. And All Sufficient is Allah as a Witness”.
Noble Quran 61:9 "He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) with quidance and the religion of truth (Islamic Monotheism) to make it victorious over all (other) religions even though the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammed SAW) hate (it)”.
Almighty Allah, through His Messenger (SAW) has taught us solutions to all, we repeat ALL problems. HE, the Almighty did not leave us with empty hands with regard to Calendar too. Nor, He the Almighty instructed us to follow the Christian calendar. Those who think so must ponder over the state of their belief.
One must also remember that when one uses Gregorian Calendar, one agrees that it is either BC or AD. AD means "Anno Domini" which is Medieval Latin, translated as "In the
year of the Lord, and as in the year of Our Lord"
It is sometimes specified more fully as Anno Domini Nostri lesu (Jesu) Christi ("In the Year of Our Lord Jesus Christ"). Can a Muslim knowingly or unknowingly accept Jesus (PBUH) as the Lord ??? Do not they realize that such a statement amounts to SHIRK, the grievous sin which Almighty Allah will never forgive?? Does Islam accepts Hijri Lunar calendar or Solar Christian calendar ??
Many would have now agreed that Islam prescribes only Hijri Lunar calendar and that there should be only one date for a week day, for the whole world.
Hence, all are requested to study the Quran verses and authentic hadeeeth which teach us about Hijri calendar and to follow Almighty Allah's calendar for the success in this world as well as in the hereafter. The basic concept in making True Hijri Calendar is to consider the Universal Day in which Conjunction takes place as the last day of the month and to start the new month at Fajr on the following Universal Day, irrespective of the time of Conjunction and/or Sunset
Moonset difference at Makkah or elsewhere.
For more details on Hijri Calendar: